Năm 2017, ngành chăn nuôi Việt Nam đã gác lại với những biến cố dữ dội về chăn nuôi lợn. Là trụ cột của ngành nông nghiệp, tuy nhiên chăn nuôi lại là ngành duy nhất của Việt Nam chưa khẳng định được vị thế xứng tầm khi chưa thu về được kim ngạch XK đáng kể.
However, from 2018, Vietnamese livestock is gradually shedding light on the potential for new breakthroughs both in domestic production and export.
Talking with NNVN, Hoang Thanh Van, director of the Department of Animal Husbandry: Production link is still the weakest stage of the industry and raising pigs in particular. Up to now, only 200 - 300 cooperative groups have been formed in the whole country, compared with the fact that the production is still very small and has not captured the majority in the livestock sector in Vietnam. The lack of a sustainable and productive linkage organization is one of the main causes for the pig-market crisis in 2017.
"Making the Difference into Opportunities, Advantages" is clearly demonstrated in the livestock industry in 2018
However, from the crisis of pig prices in 2017, there have been many ideas to build production chain link in livestock production chain to save themselves, especially co-operative model.
Although these models are not so much, they are going strong and confirming the trend of livestock in the coming years. This is due to the fact that in 2017, the cooperative models have difficulties in linking with the storm, while many small farmers went bankrupt. This is an objective practice to help the movement in livestock breeding is developing very strongly. The pattern of chain link has formed quite diverse, there are only 2-3 string chain, complete chain 5-6 sewing.
The second highlight of the livestock industry in 2018, VietGAPH's livestock movement has developed strongly in all livestock such as pigs, poultry and cattle. organic farming model. This is a sign that the self-consciousness of the farmers are aware and clearly see if not good livestock, products not reach food safety is difficult to help them participate in stable markets.
In early 2018, many provinces such as Hai Duong and Hung Yen have hundreds of households voluntarily jointly build a chain of livestock under GAP, actively invite the professional agencies to assess the certification. In the early days of 2018, the Department of Animal Husbandry has evaluated and issued certificates at the same time to 43 pig farms in Hai Duong to join VietGAPH. These are the breeding grounds for AseanGAP or GlobalGAP standards in the coming years. This signal also shows that livestock farmers increasingly demonstrate social responsibility to consumers.
The third bright spot, through the swing of the industry in 2017, all livestock units from businesses, farms and farmers have looked back on themselves to improve economic and technical indicators to improve quality and lower the cost of products. This is also a chance to purify many of the poor livestock.
Poor quality sow herds in 2017 are now liquidated, bringing the total number of sows from 4.2 million in early 2017 to about 3.8 million by the end of 2017. The Department of Livestock is proposing, It is recommended that the provinces continue to review, leaving only under 3.5 million sows, but still ensure the total number of pigs in the country with output of 4-5 million tons / year.
The fourth light signal comes from poultry, when the chickens have been keeping up with the "trend", with the continuous rhythm of 3-4 years to occupy the consumer market. about 256 million. Meanwhile, white chicken industry after decades of decline in the total herd and price, the year 2017 is showing signs of increased again. The reason is that white chickens after years of absence, now began to sell well back and began to export from the end of 2017.
Ảnh: Lê Bền
In 2018, according to the requirements of the importers, about 6,000 tons of white chickens will be exported each year. If we continue to open more export enterprises, the possibility of white chicken to recover is growing again. very satisfactory. For ducks, the stocking rate is continuing, reaching 77 million by the end of 2017. Some models of ducks in the Mekong Delta and the northern coast are developing very strong, weighing 2.4-2, 6 kg / head with low cost, good quality, very wide market.
The fifth bright spot can be expected in the new breed of livestock, which is a wave of investment in the slaughter-processing sector, which is a weakness in the industry. . Starting from August 2017, many large enterprises have registered with the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development and the Government to invest in a game that the livestock industry has long vacated, that is the construction of the slaughterhouse and processing livestock products.
Many names have been set up such as Masan Group (started pork processing factory on February 4, 1818 in Ha Nam), Dabaco Group, Hoa Phat Group ... Investment size is huge, hundreds of billions of dollars poured up, not a few tens of billions like before. The enterprises are participating in slaughter processing is also rapidly upgrading, typical as some enterprises processing pork export milk in Nam Dinh in early 2018 has decided to invest in upgrading technology and scale Very modern technology in Korea. In addition, many enterprises have been promoting investment, modernization of processing of livestock products such as De Heus Company, Ba Huan ...
On Friday morning, the spirit of "turning difficulties into opportunities and advantages" in the livestock sector is being realized in detail in 2017. In the past, the provinces in the midland and mountainous areas North difficulties in terms of socio-economic conditions and traffic are now becoming an advantage when the expressway axes, especially the Hanoi-Lao Cai expressway, come into operation. The northern mountainous midland also becomes a very advantageous breeding area when it is bordered by the huge Chinese market and at the same time conditions for isolation and safe disease epidemic.
This shift began to explode in 2017, when a series of "big boys" in the livestock industry set foot in the northern border provinces to invest in the dairy industry in the most seemingly difficult provinces. Whole country such as Lai Chau, Son La, Ha Giang ..., formed the extremely large production chain.
(Mr. Hoang Thanh Van - Director of Livestock Department)